Organizational identification : a structural equation model for Adventist higher educational institutions
Kachchhap, Sandeep Lloyd
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The need for affiliation is an innate need for humans who constantly seek to form attachments. Organizations are social environments where the same tendencies are extended. When an employee experiences a sense of belonging in an organization, the willingness to engage in tasks that benefit the organization is high. Organizations can be effective if such bonds are created between organizations and employees. Organizational identification (OID) is a link that binds individuals and organizations. Its ability to predict several positive organizational outcomes has drawn the attention of organizational researchers. Some of the factors that predict OID have been identified. However, literature is lacking in studies that examined how variables included in this study interact with each other in predicting OID. The primary purpose of this study is to develop a model for OID in Adventist higher educational institutions (AHEis). This study is significant because it included more recent organizational variables into OID studies and, to the knowledge of the researcher, is the first model for OID in AHEis. Based on literature review, transformational leadership, communication climate, perceived external prestige, perceived organizational support, and mission attachment were found to have an influence on OID. Using structural equation modelling, this quantitative study examined how these variables could be integrated into one model that explains OID in AHEis. A survey questionnaire consisting of 6 instruments was utilized. Data collected from a total of 250 respondents who were faculty and staff of seven AHEis were used in the analysis. The model that was developed as a result of this study explains 41% of variance in OID. As the model shows, mission attachment (r = 0.36, p < 0.05), perceived organizational support (r = 0.265, p < 0.05), and perceived external prestige (r = 0.215, p < 0.05) have a significant direct influence on OID. Additionally, transformational leadership (r = 0.357, p < 0.05) and communication climate (r = 0.421, p < 0.05) have a significant indirect influence on OID. Among the variables in the study, perceived organizational support was the best predictor of OID. Based on the findings of this study, recommendations were made for administrators, faculty members and staff, and for future research. One of the major recommendations for both faculty members and staff, and administrators in AHEis is to create a supportive work environment. Among others, this study recommends that future research pursuits may use a qualitative approach to explore the dimensions of OID.