|Mental health has been a serious problem in the society throughout the last years.
It is estimated that every year, approximately one fourth of the world’s population suffers
from mental diseases (Halliwell, Main, & Richardson, 2007). Women are affected more
than men (Astbury, 2001). The most common mental illnesses are depression and anxiety
(Halliwell et al., 2007). Even though the issue of mental health has been addressed,
anxiety, depression, and stress are continuously growing (Halliwell et al., 2007; Storrie,
Ahern, & Tuckett, 2010; WHO, 2003). Some studies have revealed the positive
association between mental health problems and the sedentary habit of watching
television (see Biddle & Asare, 2011; Dunstan et al., 2010; Onyike, Crum, Lee, Lyketsos,
& Eaton, 2003).
The purpose of this quantitative study is to identify the differences between the
four categories of television-watching habits during lunchtime—(a) watching news
programs on television, (b) watching non-news programs on television, (c) watching
either news or other programs on television, and (d) not watching television—in regard to
the participants’ mental health statuses in terms of depression, anxiety, and stress. In
addition, this study aims to find the relationship between the mental health statuses and
television-watching practices during lunchtime of Adventist women from the Caribbean
Region of Colombia.
This research study found that those participants who watched television during
lunchtime had higher scores of depression, anxiety, and stress than those who did not
watch. However, there was not a significant difference in the scores of anxiety and stress
between the three categories of types of television programs. On the other hand, it was
found a significant difference in the scores of depression between the three types of
television programs; however, the post-hoc test did not show between which categories
of types of television-watching practices there was a difference in the scores of
It is recommended to conduct an experimental study in order to establish a causal
relationship between watching television during lunchtime and the presence of a mental
health problem, determining which are independent and dependent variables.
Additionally, it is recommended that broadcasting networks and public health institutions
work together in order to transmit through television tools aimed to overcome mental
health problems in the time slot for lunchtime because many people that have mental
health problems are televiewers at this time.