The Heavenly sanctuary in the Thessalonians apocalypse (2 Thessalonians 2:1-12), its innertextuality and intertextuality within the Pauline Corpus
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Unpublished Dissertation (PhD Religion)
Call Number: BS 2825.2 .P45 2013 ATDC
Phillip, Mario Nabitney
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This dissertation sought to demonstrate exegetically and contextually the prevalence of the heavenly sanctuary motif in the epistles of Paul, notwithstanding Hebrews. Using 2 Thess 2:1-12 as the major text under consideration this study proposed that the heavenly sanctuary motif in 2 Thess 2:1-12, and Scripture by extension, exist in a dynamic functional correspondence with its varied dimensions, namely, the earthly, metaphorical, eschatological dimensions, as well as, the sanctuary as a sphere of divine activities, and the center of cosmic conflict. While the sanctuary motif has been shown to be ubiquitous to the context of 2 Thess 2, specific exegetical emphasis was given to the appellations to.n nao.n tou/ qeou/ (2 Thess 2:4), to. kate,con / o` kate,cwn, and evk me,sou ge,nhtai (2 Thess 2:6, 7). It also showed that the usage of nao.j in the Epistles (1 Cor 3:16- 17; 6:18-19; 2 Cor 6:16; 5:1-5, 10; Eph 1:20; 2:6, 19-22) has an innertextual and intertextual relationship to each other within their immediate context and the broader context of Scripture. In Chapter 1 it was shown that while much has been written on the heavenly sanctuary motif in Scripture, the focus has been mostly on the Old Testament, and in the case of the New Testament, Hebrews and Revelation. While there is a dearth of work available on the heavenly sanctuary motif in the Pauline Epistles, those that deal with the sanctuary motifs emphasize the metaphorical aspects of the sanctuary as the dominant thrust. Chapter 2 sought to show the continuity with which the heavenly sanctuary motif was conceived both in the extra-biblical and biblical literature, particularly, the Ancient Near East, Old Testament, Second Temple Literature, and the New Testament. It was revealed that 5 dominant trends of the heavenly sanctuary suffuse these writings, namely, the sanctuary as a heavenly, an earthly, a metaphorical, and an eschatological reality, and also a sphere of divine function, and the center of cosmic conflict. These trends though given varying emphasis, have an overarching awareness of the dynamic correspondence and the intertextual and innertextual relationship of the heavenly sanctuary motif that exist both in the biblical and extra-biblical sources. Chapter 3 demonstrated exegetically the existence of the heavenly sanctuary motif in 2 Thess 2:1-12. It was demonstrated that 2 Thess 2 followed a vertical-horizontal typology where events in one sphere affected the other. The allusion to the temple of God in 2 Thess 2:4 was shown to primarily point to the heavenly prototypical sanctuary. Chapter 4 showed how the sanctuary motif in 2 Thess 2:1-12 shares an intertextual and innertextual relationship with other similar motifs in 1 Cor 3:16-17; 6:18- 19; 2 Cor 6:16; 5:1-5, 10; and Eph 1:20; 2:6, 19-22. It adduced that the heavenly sanctuary existence formed the basis upon which the Epistles promulgated other dimensions of the sanctuary. Thus in referring of the sanctuary in any of its aspects, it presupposed the prototypical heavenly sanctuary upon which the profundity and efficacy of its counterparts depended.
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