Mental health problems and lunchtime television-watching habits among Adventist women from the Caribbean region of Colombia
Sanchez, Sara Carolina Giraldo
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Mental health has been a serious problem in the society throughout the last years. It is estimated that every year, approximately one fourth of the world’s population suffers from mental diseases (Halliwell, Main, & Richardson, 2007). Women are affected more than men (Astbury, 2001). The most common mental illnesses are depression and anxiety (Halliwell et al., 2007). Even though the issue of mental health has been addressed, anxiety, depression, and stress are continuously growing (Halliwell et al., 2007; Storrie, Ahern, & Tuckett, 2010; WHO, 2003). Some studies have revealed the positive association between mental health problems and the sedentary habit of watching television (see Biddle & Asare, 2011; Dunstan et al., 2010; Onyike, Crum, Lee, Lyketsos, & Eaton, 2003). The purpose of this quantitative study is to identify the differences between the four categories of television-watching habits during lunchtime—(a) watching news programs on television, (b) watching non-news programs on television, (c) watching either news or other programs on television, and (d) not watching television—in regard to the participants’ mental health statuses in terms of depression, anxiety, and stress. In addition, this study aims to find the relationship between the mental health statuses and television-watching practices during lunchtime of Adventist women from the Caribbean Region of Colombia. This research study found that those participants who watched television during lunchtime had higher scores of depression, anxiety, and stress than those who did not watch. However, there was not a significant difference in the scores of anxiety and stress between the three categories of types of television programs. On the other hand, it was found a significant difference in the scores of depression between the three types of television programs; however, the post-hoc test did not show between which categories of types of television-watching practices there was a difference in the scores of depression. It is recommended to conduct an experimental study in order to establish a causal relationship between watching television during lunchtime and the presence of a mental health problem, determining which are independent and dependent variables. Additionally, it is recommended that broadcasting networks and public health institutions work together in order to transmit through television tools aimed to overcome mental health problems in the time slot for lunchtime because many people that have mental health problems are televiewers at this time.